top caves in India


Bring out the explorer in you – visit these jaw dropping caves in India

India provides the impressive range of caves located throughout the country. These caves provide most amazing and unusual experience, which hardly fails to impress the visitors. Dating back to thousands years old, Caves in India are epitome of architectural masterpiece. These caves with its unique architectural beauty have become world famous tourist’s center to be visited by visitors from all over. Most of the cave are now sheltered and maintained by the Archaeological Society of India, and thus one needs permissions and registrations to visit. Visit these jaw dropping caves in India to bring out the explorer in you.


1.Robber’s Cave

Robber's Cave (locally known as Guchhupani) is a river cave formation located approximately 8 km from the centre of Dehradun City (Uttarakhand, India).The cave is about 600 metres long, divided into two main parts. The cave has a highest fall of about 10 metres. In the central part there is a fort wall structure which is now broken.It consists of an extremely narrow gorge formed in a conglomerate limestone area on Doon Valley's Dehra plateau.
It is a natural cave formation where rivers flows inside the cave. The place is a popular tourist spot and is now being maintained by Uttarakhand State. Local bus services are available up to Anarwala Village, from where it is a kilometer's trek away
This will surely give you an experience to remember all your life. One can enjoy serenity while walking along the paths on the very lap of the nature.


2.Gupt Godavari Caves

Gupt Godavari is a cave or rather a cavern located near Chitrakoot Dham. As per the local legend, the Godavari River emerging as a perennial stream from the rocks deep inside this cave, flows down to another cave below and then disappears in the mountain. Other legend of this cave is that, during their exile period, Ram and Laxman held their court in these caves. There are two caves here one wide and one narrow that serve a more religious purpose.

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3.Borra Caves

These are among the few popular natural caves in India and are believed to have been formed by accumulation of limestone. Borra Caves are situated about 90kms from Vishakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh and can be visited during a trip to Araku Valley. These caves are spread over a one square km area and are replete with stalagmite and stalactite formations, which have been given different names according to their shapes. So, one can find formations like Shiv Parvathi, Mother child, Human brain, crocodile and Rushis Beard. Among the formations found in the cave, famous ones include a ‘Shivalingam’ and the idol of the cow known as Kamadhenu.

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4.Karla Caves

This complex of ancient caves is situated in Karli near the famous hill station of Maharashtra called Lonavala. These rock-cut caves are amongst the oldest examples of Early Buddhist temple art in India and dates back to 200 BC. The Karla Cave is in fact the largest Early Buddhist shrine in India, which is adorned in a fashion that its rock architecture resembles that of wooden architecture. The caves are believed to have been complete in 80 BC and include a statue of Buddha, a 37-pillared aisle with carved elephant heads, which once had real ivory tusks. A notable feature of the caves is the arched entrances and vaulted interiors, also there is an Ashokan Pillar at the front, with a closed stone facade and torana in between that catches the attention of the visitors here.

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5.Edakkal Caves

Edakkal Caves: The Edakkal caves on the Ambukuthy Hills are two natural caves located at Wayanad, Kerala. The Edakkal caves are two natural caves and most popular places of interest in Land of God. Edakkal caves means “the stone in between”, It is the beautiful formations of nature.


6.Patal Bhubaneswar Cave

Amongst the most popular religious caves in India, Patal Bhubaneswar caves are situated in Bhubaneswar village near Gangolihat in Uttarakhand. The legend has it that these caves were found in the Treta Yug by King Rituparna of Suryavansha dynasty. It is also believed that there were four doors to enter the cave namely Randwar’ ‘Paapdwar’, ‘Dharamdwar’ and ‘Mokshadwar’. According to Hindu mythology, Paapdwar was closed shortly after the death of Ravana and the Randwar was shut down after the epic war of Mahabharata. Therefore there are only two entrances that remain open now. These caves are believed to be the home of all Hindu Gods and Goddesses. One can see various limestone rock formations here and amongst the most interesting ones are the figures that resembles the Sheshnag the tongue of Kali, Airavat of Indra, Ganesha, the hair of Lord Shiva and Kal Bhairav.


7.Mawsmai Caves

Mawsmai Caves: The Mawsmai caves located near the wettest place on earth Cherrapunji in Meghalaya. The beautiful limestone caves is not too much far away from the astounding Nohsngithiang Falls.

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8.Varaha Cave

Varaha Cave: The famous Varaha cave or Boar cave is located in Mahabalipuram, near coro mandel coast of Chennai in Tamil Nadu. The Varaha cave is a temple of one of the incarnations of Lord Vishnu “Varaha”. The rock-cut cave temple architecture is the part of the UNESCO World Heritage group of monuments. Varaha cave temple is one of the major attraction of Tamil Nadu along with other caves Narthamalai cave and Sittanavasal cave.

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9.Bhimbetka Cave

This cave marks the early traces of human existence in the Indian sub-continent. Situated inside Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary in Raisena district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, Bhimbetka Caves are an enthralling place to visit.The paintings on the wall offer evidences of existence of dance and celebrations and have also been been recognized as the World Heritage Site. According to legends it is believed that it was used as a shelter by the Pandavas, who were serving exile and as is evident, the name Bhimbetka was given to the place as it refers to ‘the sitting place of Bhim’. The paintings in the cave have been divided into five periods viz Upper Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Chalcolithic, Early history and Medieval History. Bison, tiger, deer, figures of Yakshas, magical sky chariots and tree gods are some of the common painting found here


10.Badami Caves

The Badami caves reflect Chalukayas immense love for architecture; these magnificent caves are also amongst the top tourist attractions in Karnataka. The caves dates back to the 6th and the 7th century AD and are situated at the mouth of a ravine. There are total four caves out of which three have Brahamanical temples and one has Jain temple. Each cave is carved tastefully and has images and sculptures of Hindu gods, Mahavira and other Jain Thirthankaras.

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11.Ajanta and Ellora Caves

Ajanta and Ellora caves are truly the pride of the country and are amongst the most famous travel destinations in India. These rock-cut caves are nestled amidst the Sahyadri mountain range and once were the shelter for hermits of different religion. While Ajanta is a group of 29 caves dating back to the 2nd century BC and the 6th century AD these caves are also among the ancient caves in India. Ellora has 34 caves that date back to the 6th and the 11th centuries AD. The caves at Ajanta are all Buddhist, while the caves at Ellora are a mixture of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain. The caves at Ajanta are all Buddhist, while the caves at Ellora are a mixture of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain. While the Ajanta caves are rich in paintings and sculptures, the Ellora caves are known for their exquisite architecture.

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